Category: Bacterial cellulose food packaging

Bacterial cellulose food packaging

Cite Download Share Embed. The pursuit of sustainable high-performance nanocomposite materials requires the development of nanoscale building blocks based on natural renewable resources and efficient facile production methods.

Here, we show a simple, fast, and environmentally friendly route to construct a mechanically robust and multifunctional nanocomposite by using bacterial cellulose nanofibrils BCNs and protein zein nanoparticles ZNs as natural building blocks. The nanoparticles ZN are successfully incorporated into the BCN networks forming a homogeneous nanopaper composite by a well-established scalable papermaking process.

The resulting BCN-ZN nanocomposites display markedly improved tensile mechanical properties and thermal stability, which mainly result from the strong interfacial adhesion and interactions between ZN nanoparticles and BCN matrix induced by hydrogen bonds. Moreover, after the incorporation of ZN, the biocompatibility of the nanocomposites is also enhanced due to the formation of rougher surface structure as well as the good biocompatibility of edible zein.

More particularly, the multifunctional BCN-ZN nanocomposites with diverse activities such as antibacterial properties are fully achieved by encapsulating various hydrophobic active cargoes into the versatile nanocarrier ZN. Considering the facile and green preparation process, and the use of all-natural, sustainable ingredients, we expect these mechanically robust and multifunctional BCN-ZN nanocomposites to promote the development of cellulose nanofibril-based nanocomposite materials for sustainable applications in food packaging.

Keyword s hydrogen bonds building blocks ZN nanoparticles nanocarrier ZN cellulose nanofibril-based nanocomposite materials multifunctional BCN-ZN nanocomposites preparation process production methods surface structure multifunctional nanocomposite scalable papermaking process nanoparticles ZN BCN networks Zein Nanoparticles nanoscale building blocks BCN-ZN nanocomposites display cellulose nanofibrils BCN matrix Food Packaging nanocomposite materials food packaging protein zein nanoparticles Bacterial Cellulose Nanofibrils.

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bacterial cellulose food packaging

Hide footer.With growing awareness about environmental concerns, the biodegradable nature of cellulose film has made it an ideal choice in the development of sustainable solutions for packaging, with the aim of reducing the overall carbon footprint of the packaging industry.

Materials based on biopolymers have rapidly gained interest in recent times for the role of plastic alternatives, for increased activity in the development of sustainable materials, for packaging.

Materials derived from plants such as cellulose are currently undergoing extensive research, for improvements in active biodegradability.

bacterial cellulose food packaging

On the other hand, cellulose films are restricted from extensive industrial use owing to limitations in the barrier and mechanical characteristics of the material in comparison to conventional plastic. Moreover, biopolymers such as cellular films are also restricted by their poor resistance to moisture. However, these issues are expected to be circumvented through the development of nano-composite technology. For example, the nanocomposite of carboxymethylcellulose sodium is made using the combination of carboxymethylcellulose sodium with zinc oxide, which displays significant improvements in tensile strength and elasticity, along with notable reduction in the permeability of water vapor.

Cellulose films are also finding widespread application in the food industry as edible packaging materials. This is particularly true of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, which makes use of chitosan nanoparticles to improve on physical properties, to reduce the penetration of carbon dioxide, oxygen and more, boosting the prospects of the cellulose film packaging market.

With the growing importance given to sustainability practices renewable bio-plastic materials have been developed from numerous sources including corn, wheat, and potatoes among others. However, cellulose based films are gaining popularity owing to its easy availability and abundance in nature. Packaging businesses are focusing their efforts on material improvements to meet a wider scope of packaging needs.

For example, NatureFlexTM by Futamura has developed cellulose film packaging materials that are resistant to oils and fats, with the use of heat-seal resins that makes the material safe for use in microwave or oven applications.

Moreover, the company has tied up with Bio4Pack by combining cellulose based Tipa and NatureFlex films, which are being used as packaging for food items aimed towards the growing presence of plastic-free aisles in the retail market. Skip to content Search for: Search Close. Close Menu. The growth of the cellulose film packaging market can be largely attributed to the issues arising from the indiscriminate use and disposal of plastic items such as bags, bottles, boxes and more. Bio-based Nano-Composites of Cellulose Attracts Attention Materials based on biopolymers have rapidly gained interest in recent times for the role of plastic alternatives, for increased activity in the development of sustainable materials, for packaging.

The Emergence of Super Plastics.

Cellulose Film Packaging Gains Popularity with Plastic Reduction Initiatives

Share this: Tweet. Like this: Like LoadingNatural materials such as wood, bone, and skin continue to command the respect and admiration of materials scientists. It is difficult to achieve comparable properties by the use conventional industrial manufacturing processes.

In this essay we are proposing a radical approach to the preparation of future intelligent packaging materials. Rather than attempting to assemble the chemical components at a nano-scale to make an intelligent package, our proposal is to let life itself take care of much of the assembly. We propose that the natural growth of bacterial cellulose can be used as a way to prepare a well-integrated structure at the nano-scale. Additives such as natural dyes can be introduced already during biosynthesis and thus become well integrated with the packaging material from the start.

Bacterial cellulose

For example, one can develop a smart label for pH monitoring based on bacterial cellulose doped with natural dyes extracted from natural byproducts by in situ biosynthesis of cellulose. The resulting film has potential to be used as a visual indicator of the pH variations during storage of packaged food. Plastics have dominated the market in the food packaging area since the mids. However, synthetic polymers from fossil fuels cause widespread environmental problems because of their non-biodegradable and non-renewable nature.

Recently, pH indicators have become widely used, because changes in pH often can be used to detect the spoilage of food. Normally, a pH indicator is composed of two important parts, namely a pH sensitive dye and a solid support. In contrast to synthetic dyes, natural dyes are advantageous due to their safety and eco-friendly feature.

For example, anthocyanins, which are known as flavonoids, can be extracted from fruits. Anthocyanins are nontoxic, natural, easy extractable, and water-soluble pigments. Their use in place of synthetic dyes can avoid inflammation, diabetes, cancer, neuronal diseases, and many other diseases.

Recently, many researchers have focused on the use of biodegradable polymers Lu Moreover, BC film with high specific surface area and high porosity is an ideal candidate for the development of a gas sensor based on detection of pH changes based on color monitoring.

Volatile vapor emissions during food spoilage can show up as subtle pH shifts at the surface of packaging materials. Compared with other biopolymers, the porous structure of BC can improve the absorption of pH-changing liquids and gases, promoting the color-changing reaction of pH-sensitive dyes in the BC network.

BC has the advantages of good biocompatibility, remarkable tensile strength, high water retention, high hydrophilicity, high crystallinity, and so on, and it can be used as the support material for intelligent pH indicator packaging. A proposed concept for biosynthesis-based manufacture of intelligent packaging film production is shown in Fig. Subsequently, the dyes are added into culture media and sterilized by the autoclave. The flasks are incubated on a cultivation cabinet for some days.

The synthesized BC-based nanocomposites are separated from the medium by filtration and purification to remove the microorganism and culture medium embedded in the cellulose material, and then repeatedly rinsed to neutral in pure water. Finally, the intelligent films are prepared in a vacuum-drying oven. The change of film color then can be measured after adjusting the pH.For her bachelor project at the Free University of Bolzano-Bozen inItaly-based designer Emma Sicher developed microbial cellulose made from fruits and vegetables leftovers as a sustainable packaging material.

Many food items are packaged in plastic, a material that has dramatic effects on the environment. Sicher decided to focus on creating a more sustainable packaging material with a shorter lifespan.

Her choice fell on microbial cellulose, a material made by the fermentation culture of bacteria and yeast, also known as scobywith fruits and vegetable leftovers.

Once dried, the sheet turns into a translucent sheet of material. Through a hands-on approach and with the help of the Food Technology Team of the Science and Technology Faculty, she developed some prototypes through the most compatible manufacturing process. Depending of the types of fruit and vegetables, as well as the type of surface the material is dried on, different colours and textures can be achieved.

The cellulose requires less energy to produce than plastic or paper, and has a much less damaging effect on the environment.

Bacterial Cellulose as a Raw Material for Food and Food Packaging Applications

The microbial cellulose is hydrophilic, so food that contains a lot of liquid or fat is not suitable. When it comes into contact with liquid, the material absorbs water and releases probiotics.

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Sicher is exploring the possibility for natural coatings and manufacturing solutions to make the material more water-repellent. If preserved in the right conditions, the packaging material has a self life of two years without biodegrading. The From Peel to Peel project won a research grant from the university, which is used to explore the possibilities of industrial production, as well as research other possible potentials and applications of microbial cellulose.

For more sustainable packaging solutions, click here. You must be logged in to post a comment. For samples, it would be best to contact the manufacturer of the material, Emma Sicher.

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Follow the link in the article to go to her website. This article is part of the following channel s Biobased Biodegradable Healing Environment Sustainable. Using microbial cellulose as sustainable packaging material. Share Tweet For her bachelor project at the Free University of Bolzano-Bozen inItaly-based designer Emma Sicher developed microbial cellulose made from fruits and vegetables leftovers as a sustainable packaging material.

Photos: Emma Sicher. Comments Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment. Camila Fernanda says:. January 3, at pm. Sigrid says:. January 6, at pm.

Previous Article Next Article.Nanotechnology applied to Food and Agriculture View all 7 Articles. Bacterial cellulose BC has been produced for a number of applications, mainly focused on the biomedical area. Although there is a variety of interesting applications of BC for food and food packaging, only a few have been explored to the moment, since the high cost of BC production is usually considered as a limiting factor. On the other hand, several cost-effective culture media have been proposed, contributing to reduce BC production costs.

This article overviews the bioprocess conditions that affects BC production and the main possible applications of BC for food and food packaging purposes. Bacterial cellulose BC is a naturally occurring nanomaterial produced as an exopolysaccharide by some bacteria, such as those from the genus Komagataeibacter former Gluconacetobacter cultivated in a medium with carbon and nitrogen sources Rajwade et al. Compared with other genera, Komagataeibacter is usually the genus of choice for research and food applications, due to its higher BC yield and purity Ruka et al.

Membranes with different network structure and mechanical properties were reported to be obtained from different strains of the genus Komagataeibacter Chen et al.

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The biosynthesis of BC was firstly observed by ancient Chinese producing kombucha tea, a fermented beverage produced by a symbiotic colony of acetic acid bacteria and yeast embedded within a cellulose mat formed at the surface of the beverage Marsh et al.

Some possible explanations of the cellulose formation by these microorganisms are that BC is formed as a self-defense mechanism to protect bacteria from the damaging effects of UV light or to help bacteria float at the air-liquid interface in order to secure sufficient oxygen supply Reiniati et al. The BC biosynthesis is a strictly regulated process with multi-step reactions, involving several individual enzymes, catalytic complexes, and regulatory proteins.

In this last step, the cellulose chains are extruded outside the cell and self-assembled into fibrils Figure 1A. The polymerization and crystallization mechanisms are not very well-understood, and it is the limiting step in the biosynthesis Chawla et al.

Figure 1. Biosynthesis A and downstream processing B of bacterial cellulose.

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Although it shares the same molecular formula C 6 H 10 O 5 n with plant celluloses, BC is free of lignin, hemicelluloses, and pectin, which are normally present in plant-derived celluloses; thus BC purification is an easy, low energy process Huang et al. Other unique properties of BC are higher degree of polymerization, and remarkable tensile properties due to its web-like network structure Iguchi et al.

When compared to plant-cellulose, BC fibers also have higher specific area Sulaeva et al. Moreover, its production do not require harsh chemical treatments for cellulose isolation and purification Shi et al. The high aspect ratio of the fibrils provides BC with a high surface area, which results in a high water holding capacity, water molecules being tightly bound to the hydroxyl groups within the cellulose chains Gelin et al.

Moreover, the high porosity combined to the high surface area make BC a suitable material for physical interaction with antimicrobials and other active compounds Shah et al.

The yield and properties of BC depend on several factors, including the bacterial strain used, the culture medium composition, and the operational conditions applied during the cultivation process. The composition of the culture medium determines the material morphology and the physical properties of the resulting material, which affects the range of possible applications.The present invention relates to bacteria cellulose edible packaging product and production method thereof, belong to biotechnology and packaging material for food technical field.

At present, the packaging material for food on the market is to stem from the plastic product of oil. The advantage of this material is cheap, is convenient for carrying. Therefore the stable performance of material own can allow the food long term storage. But also there is class-one defect in this packing. The one, these materials are all non-renewable, non-degradable, and environment is caused very big pressure; The 2nd, material itself also may become the food pollution source.

Developing new pollution-free food packing substituted for plastic packing, is the inevitable choice of socio-economic development.

At present, poly lactic acidnatural fiber material etc. In addition, the edible packaging material so that starch, protein, fat, polysaccharide etc. Starch based edible packaging material refers to starch, forming agent and viscose glue are mixed together stirring, is processed into packing film or container through modes such as hot pressing then.

Used starch comprises corn, Ipomoea batatas, potato, wheat, konjaku etc. Used viscose glue is to non-poisonous plant of human body or gelatin, as gelatin, agar, natural resin glue etc. Albuminous membranae has soy protein isolate film, maize alcohol-soluble protein film, wheat gluten protein film, lactalbumin membrane etc. Protein film is made packing and is had better elastic, intensity and moisture resistance, but cost is generally higher.

Fats edible packaging material is to utilize in the food compactness of fatty fiber to make. Available fat comprises vegetable oil type film, adeps type film and wax paper mold film etc. The used aliphatic series of vegetable oil type film extract from vegetable oil.

bacterial cellulose food packaging

Adeps type film can be from animal fat, as extracting in the lard. Materials such as general source of the fat in the wax-matrix type film and beeswax, babassu. Polysaccharide edible packaging material has mainly utilized the gelatification of polysaccharide.

The polysaccharide that is used to prepare this based packaging material generally derives from microbial fermentation preparation or starch hydrolysis preparation. For example, utilize starch such as Ipomoea batatas, potato, cereal can prepare the enzyme polysaccharide of growing sturdily, and make the enzyme polysaccharide films of growing sturdily through process procedures such as coatings as raw material through microbial fermentation.

For example utilize the mould polysaccharide of the short stalk of the mould fermenting and producing of short stalk again, utilize hydrostomia method spray film. In addition, the composite edible film that also has the above edibility materials processing preparation of comprehensive application. CN mixes bacteria cellulose after modification is handled and films with materials such as sodium palmitate, sodium stearate.

Compare with this patent, the one, the film build method difference, this patent need not filmed, disposable film forming; The 2nd, the related film of this patent is an edibility. CN is for to prepare loudspeaker diaphragm with bacteria cellulose.

CN is prepared into water treatment absorbent after treatment with bacteria cellulose.Create an AI-powered research feed to stay up to date with new papers like this posted to ArXiv. Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly.

Futamura Cellulose FIlms - Packaging to enhance daily life

DOI: Food Syst. Bacterial cellulose BC has been produced for a number of applications, mainly focused on the biomedical area.

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Although there is a variety of interesting applications of BC for food and food packaging, only a few have been explored to the moment, since the high cost of BC production is usually considered as a limiting factor. On the other hand, several cost-effective culture media have been proposed, contributing to reduce BC production costs.

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View PDF. Save to Library. Create Alert. Launch Research Feed. Share This Paper. Figures from this paper. Citations Publications citing this paper. Cellulose nanomaterials: new generation materials for solving global issues T.

bacterial cellulose food packaging

Plant and bacterial nanocellulose: production, properties and applications in medicine, food, cosmetics, electronics and engineering. Freire Materials Science, Medicine Nanomaterials Freire Biology, Medicine International journal of molecular sciences MakarovG. Kulichikhin Materials Science References Publications referenced by this paper. PhillipsGuang Rong Yang Chemistry Rahman Chemistry Nanocellulose in bio-based food packaging applications Henriette M.

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Mattoso Chemistry Bacterial cellulose IV. Strategies for cost-effective and enhanced production of bacterial cellulose. Recent developments in the production and applications of bacterial cellulose fibers and nanocrystals. Isabela ReiniatiAndrew N. A novel biomaterial: bacterial cellulose and its new era applications. Bhavna V. MohiteSatish V. Patil Biology, Medicine Biotechnology and applied biochemistry BajajShrikant A. SurvaseRekha S.

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